International Journal of Environment (ISSN: 2186-0009)  

Impacts of Climate Change and Land Use on Forest Degradation in Teknaf Peninsula
Md. Abiar Rahman, Masakazu Tani, Kazuo Asahiro, Md. Zulfikar Rahman, and Abu Zofar Md. Moslehuddin
Teknaf peninsula was very rich in natural resources, which is under threat due to climate change and human activities. Various land uses are degrading the forest resources. The aim of this study was to examine the impacts of climate change and land use on forest resources in Teknaf peninsula of Bangladesh. Long-term climatic data were used to understand the trend of climatic parameters. A survey was conducted to know the impacts of climate and land use changes on forest resources degradation. Climatic data showed that minimum temperature did not vary much over time, while maximum temperature has increased slightly in recent years compared to 30 years back. Rainfall was not well distributed over month, although it showed an increasing trend. The monsoon rainfall was increased by 66%, while dry season rainfall was decreased by 29%. Forest area and settlement showed reverse trend, particularly the period between 1972 and 1990, while agriculture was widely started after 1990. Currently, the area for betel leaf cultivation has increased tremendously and farmers mostly collect shading materials from forest area. Climate change along with improper land use has created huge pressure on forest resources. Appropriate adaptation, mitigation and conservation measures should be taken immediately to conserve the forest ecosystem in Teknaf peninsula.
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