International Journal of Environment (ISSN: 2186-0009)  

Political Economic Problem for Environmental Conservation of River Buriganga in Bangladesh
Banani Biswas and Takeshi Hamadan
Bangladesh has attained higher growth in the industrial sector among the South Asian countries. But the growth has been unplanned and without careful attention to environmental degradation and conservation. As a result, from the past decades, Bangladesh has been facing the problem of serious water quality deterioration and environmental degradation of Buriganga and other linked rivers, around the capital city Dhaka because of indiscriminate and uncontrolled discharge of industrial effluents, especially the toxic tannery effluents from the Hazaribagh cluster. The adverse impacts of Buriganga pollution are going to spread upon the overall socio-economic systems and make the city unsuitable for human habitation. So it is vital for the country to protect, restore and preserve the Buriganga and its watershed environment through environmental conservation actions. Though the Government of Bangladesh has created different organizations, departments and agencies to ensure the process of environmental management and conservation, but unfortunately, the efforts providing by the government are not adequate to meet the challenge. From this research, it is revealed that political economic problem is the main factor constraining these environmental activities. In fact, ill-conceived and implemented government policies and programs, corruption and poor governance are very often aggravating the situation. On the other hand, isolated efforts by various non-government and civic movement organizations are also inadequate to cope with the present crisis.
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