International Journal of Environment (ISSN: 2186-0009)  

Tiger Conservation in Chitwan National Park, Nepal: An Analysis of Social, Ecological and Management Perspectives
Kazi Kamrul Islam, Dipesh Joshi and Noriko Sato
Tiger range and numbers have collapsed despite of substantial conservation efforts, so conservation efforts must prioritize regions that have good feasibilities to harbour tigers. This review paper addresses the possibility of tiger conservation in the Chitwan National Park (CNP), Nepal considering social, ecological and management aspects. The social aspect especially tiger-human conflict and people's attitude towards tiger conservation at Chitwan area is in vulnerable condition. Government Acts and legislation for tiger conservation are favourable but the execution level of these seems to be challenging. The study resulted the decision that ecologically tiger will not be a threat animal for maintaining the optimum density of wild prey populations at Chitwan area. The study also evaluated that Buffer zone management and engaging 'Bag Heralu' with other guarding system is able to reduce the tiger-human conflict in a significant manner. Indeed, the compensation for losses of cattle or human life of the local community is not sufficient and it will need more attention from the central government level. Therefore, the ongoing management and ecological arena are in favour of tiger conservation at CNP while social aspect demands improvement for sustainable conservation of tiger in Nepal.
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