International Journal of Environment (ISSN: 2186-0009)  


Vulnerability and Coping Strategies in Waterlogged Area: A Case Study from Keshabpur, Bangladesh
Neelopal Adri and Ishrat Islam
Abstract:
Water logging has been disrupting livelihoods of about one million people in Bangladesh during past two decades. South-west Bangladesh is prone to water logging due to the vulnerable geographical settings, mismanagement and climate change. The worst hydro-geophysical vulnerability has been found in Keshabpur Thana of Jessore District where most of the land is waterlogged for over seven years. This research tried to support the policy making process by identifying people's social vulnerability and unique coping strategies under such adverse environmental condition. Necessary data were collected through questionnaire survey and Participatory Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) which includes Focus Group Discussions (FGD), Key Informants' Interview (KII) and case studies. About 270 households of the study area were surveyed. The target groups of this research were poor farmers and poor female headed households of four unions of Keshabpur Thana. Agricultural livelihood, housing, food security, health and education are found to be some socially vulnerable areas in Keshabpur under water logging. Major findings revealed the constraints towards reducing people's vulnerability such as climate change, poor coordination among stakeholders, limited institutional initiative of coping, etc. Accordingly researchers tried to put some necessary recommendations such as facilitating drainage through a coordinated approach among stakeholders, promoting immediate agricultural and institutional coping, construction of school buildings in higher grounds with access to higher roads, etc.
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